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2003年职称英语综合A考试试题、答案及题解

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时间:2005-11-15 20:12  552次点击 | 0 关注

综合A 
第1部分:词汇选项(第1~15题,每题1分,共15分) 
下面共有15个句子,每个句子中均有1个词或短语画有底横线,请从每个句子后面所给的4个选项中选择1个与画线部分意义最相近的词或短语。答案一律涂在答题卡相应的位置上。 
1    The union representative put across her argument very effectively. 
A  explained   B  invented       C  considered       D  accepted 
2    He talks tough but has a tender heart. 
A  heavy      B  strong         C  kind            D  wild 
3    It is no use debating the relative merits of this policy. 
A  making     B  taking         C  discussing       D  expecting 
4    Our statistics show that we consume all that we are capable of producing 
A  waste       B  buy           C  use            D  sell 
5    The fuel tanks had a capacity of 140 liters. 
A  function     B  ability         C  power          D  volume 
6    Our lives are intimately bound up with theirs. 
A  tensely     B  nearly         C  carefully        D  closely 
7    Her faith upheld her in times of sadness 
A  supported    B  excited       C  inspired         D  directed      
8    The book provides a concise analysis of the country’s history. 
A  clean       B  perfect        C  real            D  brief 
9    It is laid down in the regulations that all members must carry their membership cards at all times. 
A  suggested   B  warned        C  stated           D  confirmed 
10    The council meeting terminated at 2 o’clock 
A  began      B  continued       C  ended          D  resumed 
11    A red flag was placed there as a token of danger. 
A  sign       B  substitute        C  proof          D  target 
12    However bad the situation is, the majority is unwilling to risk change. 
A  reluctant    B  eager          C  pleased         D  angry 
13    It has been said that the Acts provided a new course of action and did not merely regulate or enlarge an old one. 
A  limit       B  control         C  replace         D  offset 
14    The secretary is expected to explore ideas for post-war reconstruction of the area. 
A  deny       B  investigate      C  stress           D  create 
15    The steadily rising cost of labor on the waterfront has greatly increased the cost of shipping cargo by water. 
A  gradually    B  suddenly       C  excessively       D  exceptionally 
第2部分: 阅读判断(第16~22题,每题1分,共7分) 
阅读下面这篇短文,短文后列出7个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子做出判断。如果该句提供的是正确信息,请在答题卡上把A涂黑;如果该句提供的是错误信息,请在答题卡上把B涂黑;如果该句的信息文章中没有提及,请在答题卡上把C涂黑 
Principles of Governing Persuasion 
If leadership consists of getting thing done through others, then persuasion is one of the leader’s essential tools. Many executives have assumed that this tool is beyond their grasp, available only to the charismatic(有魅力的) and the eloquent. Over the past several decades, though, experimental psychologists have learned which methods reliably lead people to concede, comply, or change. Their research shows that persuasion is governed by several principles that can be taught and applied. 
The first principle is that people are more likely to follow someone who is similar to them than someone who is not. Wise managers, then, ask peers to help make their cases. Second, people are more willing to cooperate with those who are not only like them but who like them, as well. So it’s worth the time to uncover real similarities and offer genuine praise. 
Third, experiments confirm the intuitive truth that people tend to treat you the way you treat them. It’s sound policy to do a favor before seeking one. Fourth, individuals are more likely to keep promises they make voluntarily and clearly. The message for managers here is to get commitments in writing. Fifth, studies show that people really do defer to (服从) experts. So before they attempt to exert influence, executives should take pains to establish their own expertise and not assume that it’s self-evident. Finally, people want more of a commodity when it’s scarce; it follows, then, that exclusive information is more persuasive than widely available data. 
16    Experiments have confirmed the assumption of many executives. 
   A  right      B  Wrong       C  Not mentioned  
17    People are more likely to cooperate with those who like them. 
   A  right      B  Wrong       C  Not mentioned  
18    Managers do not employ those who are quite different from them. 
   A  right      B  Wrong       C  Not mentioned  
19    There is no need for a manager to find out the merits of his employees. 
   A  right      B  Wrong       C  Not mentioned  
20    Experiments have shown that, contrary to our expectation, people tend to treat you the way you treat them. 
   A  right      B  Wrong       C  Not mentioned  
21    There are as many wise managers as there are stupid ones. 
   A  right      B  Wrong       C  Not mentioned  
22    Exclusive information is more persuasive than widely known data. 
   A  right      B  Wrong       C  Not mentioned  
第3部分:概括大意与完成句子(第23~    30题,每题1分,共8分) 
阅读下面这篇短文,短文后有2项测试任务:(1)第23~26题要求从所给的6个选项中为第2,3,5和6段每段选择1个正确的小标题;(2)第27~30题要求从所给的6个选项中选择4个正确选项,分别完成每个句子。请将答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上。 
Keeping  Cut  Flowers 
1  While everybody enjoys fresh cut flowers around his house, few people know how to keep them for as long as possible. This may be done by keeping in mind a few simple facts. 
2   An important thing to remember about cut flowers is that they are sensitive to temperature. For example, studies have shown that cut carnations(康乃馨) retain their freshness eight times longer when kept at 12oC than when kept at 260c. Keeping freshly harvested flowers at the right temperatures is probably the most important aspect of flower care. 
3   Flowers are not intended by nature to live very long. Their biological purpose is simply to attract birds or insects, such as bees, for pollination (授粉). After that, they quickly dry up and die. The process by which flowers consume oxygen and produce carbon dioxide (二氧化碳), called respiration (呼吸), generates the energy the flower needs to give the flower its shape and colour. The making of seeds also depends on this energy. While all living things respire, flowers have a high level of respiration. A result of all this respiration is heat, and for flowers the level of heat relative to the mass of the flower is very high. Respiration also brings about the eventual death of the flower. Thus the greater the level of respiration, the sooner the flower dies. 
4   How, then, to control the rate at which flowers die?  By controlling respiration. How is respiration controlled? By controlling temperature. We know that respiration produces heat, but the reverse is also true. Thus by maintaining low temperatures, respiration is reduced and the cut flower will age more slowly. 
5   Another vital factor in keeping cut flowers is the quality of the water in which they are placed. Flowers find it difficult to "drink" water that is dirty or otherwise polluted. Even when water looks and smells clean, it almost certainly contains harmful substances that can endanger the flowers. To rid the water of these unwanted substances, household chlorine bleach (含氯漂白剂) can be used in small quantities. It is recommended that 15 drops of chlorine bleach(at 4% solution) be added to each litre of water. The water and solution should also be replaced each day. 
23    Paragraph 2__________________ 
24    Paragraph 3__________________ 
25    Paragraph 4__________________ 
26    Paragraph 5__________________ 
27    A few simple facts will help you keep cut flowers_______________ 
28    Respiration plays a key role________________ 
29    The aging of cut flowers can be slowed down_________________ 
30    Another important way to prolong the life of cut flowers is ____________________ 

 

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