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TOEFL模拟题(3-2)

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quan6356 时间:2005-11-15 22:33  453次点击 | 0 关注

READING COMPREHENSION

Questions 1-10

?牐牐燗lice Walker makes her living by writing, and her poems short stories, and novels
have won many awards and fellowships for her. She was born in Eatonton, Georgia. She
went to public schools there, and then to Spelman College in Atlanta before coming to
New York to attend Sarah Lawrence College, from which she graduated in 1966. For a
time she lived in Jackson, Mississippi with her lawyer husband and small daughter.
About Langston Hughes, American Poet, her first book for children, she says ,"After my
first meeting with Langston Hughes I vowed I would write a boot about him for
children someday. Why? Became I, at twenty-two, knew next to nothing of his work,
and he didn't scold me; he just gave me a stack of his book. And he was kind to me; I
will always be grateful that in his absolute warmth and generosity he fulfilled my
deepest dream (and need) of what a poet should be.

?牐? "To me he is not dead at all. Hardly a day goes by that I don't think of him or speak
of him. Once, just before he died, when he was sick with the flu, I took him a sack full
of oranges. The joy I felt in giving that simple gift is undiminished by time. He said he
liked oranges, too."

1. What is the main topic of the passage?
(A) Alice Walker's reflections on Langston Hughes
(B) The influence of Alice Walker on the writing of Langston Hughes
(C) Langston Hughes' book about Alice Walker
(D) A comparison of the childhoods of Alice Walker and Langston Hughes

2. In the passage, Alice Walker is described as
(A) a research fellow at Spelman College
(B) a professor at Sarah Lawrence College
(C) a prize-winning writer of?爌rose and poetry
(D) an author of?爌lays for children

3. Before attending college, Alice Walker went to school in
(A) Atlanta, Georgia
(B) Eatonton, Georgia
(C) Jackson, Mississippi
(D) Lawrence, Massachusetts

4. The word "vowed" in line 7 is closest in meaning to which of the following?
(A) Confided
(B) Believed
(C) Denied
(D) Promised

5. It can be inferred from the passage that Alice Walker was twenty-two years old when
(A) she moved to Jackson, Mississippi
(B) she moved to New York
(C) she first met Langston Hughes
(D) Langston Hughes died

6. It can be inferred from lines 9-11 that Alice Walker's first impressions of?燣angston
Hughes were derived mostly from
(A) talking with his friends
(B) reading his autobiography
(C) studying his poetry
(D) meeting him

7. The word "dream" in line 11 is closest in meaning to
(A) nightmare
(B) expectation
(C) sleep
(D) misconception

8. what does Alice Walker imply when she says Langston Hughes "is not dead at all"
(Line 12)?
(A) Langston Hughes believed in eternal life.
(B) She had not been informed of Langston Hughes' death.
(C) For her, Langston Hughes had never really existed.
(D) Langston Hughes is still present in her thoughts.

9. The word "undiminished" in line 14 is closest in meaning to which of the following?
(A) Not exaggerated
(B) Not lessened
(C) Disappointed
(D) Unequaled

10. According to the passage, what did Alice Walker give Langston Hughes before he died?
(A) A job
(B) An award
(C) Some oranges
(D) A stack of books

Question 11-21

?牐牐? Human vision, like that of other primates, has evolved in an arboreal environment. In
the dense, complex world of a tropical forest, it is more important to see well than to
develop an acute sense of smell. In the course of evolution, members of the primate line
have acquired large eyes while the snout has shrunk to give the eye an unimpeded view.
Of?爉ammals, only humans and some primates enjoy color vision. The red flag is black
to the bull. Horses live in a monochrome world. Light visible to human eyes, however,
occupies only a very narrow band in the whole electromagnetic spectrum. Ultraviolet
rays are invisible to humans, though ants and honeybees are sensitive to them. Humans
have no direct perception of?爄nfrared rays, unlike the rattlesnake, which has receptors
tuned into wavelengths longer than 0.7 micron. The world would look eerily different if
human eyes were sensitive to infrared radiation. .Then, instead of the darkness of night,
we would be able to move easily in a strange, shadows world where objects glowed
with varying degree of intensity. But human eyes excel in other ways. They are, in fact ,
remarkably discerning in color gradation. The color sensitivity of normal human vision
is rarely surpassed even by sophisticated technical devices.

11. What does the passage mainly discuss?.
(A )Ultraviolet rays
(B) Human vision
(C) Sight and smell
(D)The environment of primates

12. Why does the author mention the "tropical forest", in line 2 ?
(A) To explain why primates have developed keen vision
(B) To suggest that primates need to see only the color green
(C)To give an example of environmental change
(D)To indicate where large-eyed primates can be found

13. What does the author mean by stating that "the red flag is black to the bull"(lines 5-6)?
(A) Bulls are attracted to red objects.
(B) Bulls do not notice flags.
(C) Bulls attack all flags.
(D) Bulls do not see the color red

14. The word "monochrome" in line 6 is closest in meaning to which of the following?
(A) Monotonous
(B) Ultraviolet
(C) One-dimension
(D) One-color

15 In line 8 ,"them" refers to which of the following?
(A) Human eyes
(B) Ultraviolet rays
(C) Humans
(D) Wavelengths

16. According to the passage, which of the following can detect wavelengths of?爈ight
longer than 0.7 micron?
(A) Bulls
(B) Ants
(C) Horses
(D) Rattlesnakes

17. The word "eerily'' in line 10 is closest in meaning to which of the following?
(A) Strangely
(B) Increasingly
(C) Slightly
(D) Superficially

l8. It can be inferred from the passage that humans could move more easily at night if they
(A) had a narrower field of vision
(B) were color-blind
(C) had infrared vision
(D) lived in an arboreal environment

l9. The word "surpassed'' in line 15 is closest in meaning to which of the following?
(A) Recorded
(B) Exceeded
(C) Found
(D) Provided

20. According to the passage, the ability of humans to distinguish color differences is
(A) average
(B) weak
(C) excellent
(D) variable

21. Where in the passage does the author mention the development over time of certain
physical changes among primates ?
(A) Lines 3-4
(B) Lines 5-6
(C) Lines 7-10
(D) Lines 13-15

 


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