jacque 时间:2012-12-21 09:03  2345次点击 | 0 关注

Nov 15,2012,哈佛大学教授在华尔街日报發言:一代的中国学生的(灵感/激励)来自一篇有关哈佛的谎言杜撰文章。

A generation of Chinese students draws inspiration from a hoax about Harvard.

“’Enjoy the Unavoidable Suffering’; A generation of Chinese students draws inspiration from a hoax about Harvard.” By Robert Darnton.

Now that China has installed a new Communist Party elite to lead the country for the next decade, we might take stock of the misunderstandings and expectations that are likely to complicate Chinese-American relations. One is the apparent Chinese belief that America in general and Harvard in particular hold the secrets to success. As worthy of praise as many of our institutions are, I was dumbfounded recently by reading a list of “Allocutions on the wall of a Harvard library,” which is circulating through the Internet in China. “Allocution” means a formal address, but the Harvard wall writings, transmitted in millions of messages in Chinese and broken English, read like fortune-cookie aphorisms. For example, Allocution #1: “Nodding at the moment, you will dream. While studying at the moment, you will come true.” An entire generation of Chinese apparently imagines Harvard students grinding over their books, dozing off, and rallying to work harder by reading the writing on a library wall. As the university librarian, I can attest that no such writings exist on any of the walls at Harvard’s 73 libraries. Yet as a cultural historian, I find the imaginary allocutions fascinating. In most versions, they are alleged to contain 20 aphorisms, which some Chinese commentators describe as “commandments” that push Harvard students to ever-greater efforts. Thus we get: “Happiness may not be ranked, but success will at the top.” And: “Only earlier than others, more diligent efforts to taste the taste of success.”

2.Dec 3, 2012, 哈佛大学校报 The Harvard Crimsom
Widespread Rumors Claim Harvard Students Are Super Studious

According to an op-ed penned by University Professor Robert C. Darnton '60, director of the Harvard University Library, there is a widespread belief in China that the walls of Harvard libraries are graced by 20 allocutions which express an expectation that Harvard students constantly grind away at studies.
"Millions and millions of Chinese have heard of these supposed 20 allocutions," Darton said, later estimating that the misconception has been building for at least a decade.
Some students who have approached him have memorized some of the allocutions, telling him that they had heard of them since kindergarten, he said.
Allocution #1, he writes in the op-ed, reads: "Nodding at the moment, you will dream. While studying at the moment, you will come true."
Others read: "Even now, opponents also kept banging on the page," and "Please enjoy the unavoidable suffering."
These aphorisms have gone viral through forums such as schools, newspapers, a best-selling book, and a blog with 87 million hits.
Blogs about the allocutions are even more bizarre than the allocutions themselves. Darton wrote how one portrays Harvard lunch as an occasion where "students toss their coats on the floor and consume pizza without looking up from their books or exchanging any talk" while another illustrates Harvard working conditions as "grand and imposing, although...women refuse to wear makeup and the men disdain fine clothes. [Allocutions] are scribbled on desks and contain messages such as: 'If you study one more hour, you will have a better husband.'"
Questions about the sayings are the most common query received via the "Ask a Librarian" section of the Harvard Library portal. After setting the record straight, Harvard librarians often receive touching replies, explained Darnton, listing some:
"Are u kidding? We grown up with those mottos." "Thank you for liberating us." "When I knew the truth I can't stop crying."
"People seem to be relieved that Harvard students are not these spartan workaholics...and that they're just ordinary mortals," Darnton said.

3.Dec 6,2012 南華早报 South China Morning Post
The Harvard hoax that China fell for
By Alex Lo

In contemporary mainland folklore, there is a mythical place that guarantees academic excellence, lifelong success and everlasting respect and prestige. Its name is Harvard.
This great American institution of higher learning looms large in the collective imagination of mainland students - ambitious ones, anyway.
A whole generation has therefore drawn inspiration from an apparent hoax known as "the allocutions on the wall of a Harvard library", which has been circulating on the mainland internet and which is the subject of a hilariousWall Street Journal article by Harvard professor and librarian Robert Darnton.
The professor has, once and for all, dispelled the existence of the allocutions. However, he does confirm there are many messages in the toilets of Harvard's 73 libraries - 73! - but they don't remotely approach the sagacity and wisdom imagined in those fictional allocutions.
An allocution is a formal address, like Address to the German Nation by philosopher Johann Gottlieb Fichte and Abraham Lincoln's Gettysburg Address. But unlike the stirring rhetoric in these addresses, the fake allocutions are written mostly in broken English, which Darnton likens to fortune cookie messages.
"Happiness may not be ranked, but success will at the top."
"Even now, opponents also kept banging on the page."
"If you study one more hour, you will have a better husband."
And, "Please enjoy the unavoidable suffering", a reference presumably to the intense and unrelenting study at Harvard.
The image that emerges from the allocutions is that Harvard professors are the closest thing on earth to gods, and their students are all monk-like scholars completely devoted to their study and nothing else.
But the Journal being America's premier China-bashing publication, Darnton rather spoils the fun by fretting about the illusions and myths that the new Chinese leaders and ordinary citizens supposedly believe about the United States, of which the allocutions list is just an example.
Rest assured, professor. If this is the kind of misconception the Chinese have about Americans, the US has nothing to worry about from the Middle Kingdom.

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