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2013年8月29日雅思阅读考试机经分享

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elementary 时间:2013-10-08 16:32  2266次点击 | 0 关注
参加了2013年8月29日上海雅思考试的同学可以看看2013年8月29日雅思阅读考试机经分享。
assage one
文章新旧
旧题(2010年1月30)
文章标题
Liar detector(测谎仪 )
文章题型
T/F/NG +Matching
文章内容      
测谎仪是怎么样判断出一个人有没有说谎,人在说谎时会紧张,会出汗,会有一些面部变化,也能判断出一个人情绪的变化。Liar detector
How to Detect Lies
Become a Lie Detector
Introduction to Detecting Lies:
The following techniques to telling if someone is lying
are often used by police and security experts. This
knowledge is also useful for managers, employers, and
for anyone to use in everyday situations where telling
the truth from a lie can help prevent you from being a
victim of fraud/scams and other deceptions.
Warning: Sometimes Ignorance is bliss; after gaining
this knowledge, you may be hurt when it is obvious that
someone is lying to you. Signs of Deception:
Body Language of Lies:
• Physical expression will be limited and stiff, with few
arm and hand movements. Hand, arm and leg
movement are toward their own body the liar takes up
less space.
• A person who is lying to you will avoid making eye
contact. • Hands touching their face, throat & mouth. Touching
or scratching the nose or behind their ear. Not likely to
touch his chest/heart with an open hand.
Emotional Gestures & Contradiction
• Timing and duration of emotional gestures and
emotions are off a normal pace. The display of emotion is delayed, stays longer it would naturally, then stops
suddenly.
• Timing is off between emotions gestures/expressions
and words. Example: Someone says "I love it!" when
receiving a gift, and then smile after making that statement, rather then at the same time
the statement is made.
• Gestures/expressions don’t match the verbal statement, such as frowning when saying “I
love you.”
• Expressions are limited to mouth movements when someone is faking emotions (like
happy, surprised, sad, awe, ) instead of the whole face. For example; when someone
smiles naturally their whole face is involved: jaw/cheek movement, eyes and forehead
push down, etc.
Interactions and Reactions
• A guilty person gets defensive. An innocent person will often go on the offensive. • A liar is uncomfortable facing his questioner/accuser and may turn his head or body
away.
• A liar might unconsciously place objects (book, coffee cup, etc.) between themselves
and you.
Verbal Context and Content
• A liar will use your words to make answer a question. When asked, “Did you eat the last
cookie?” The liar answers, “No, I did not eat the last cookie.”
•A statement with a contraction is more likely to be truthful: “ I didn't do it” instead of “I did
not do it”
• Liars sometimes avoid "lying" by not making direct statements. They imply answers
instead of denying something directly.
• The guilty person may speak more than natural, adding unnecessary details to convince
you... they are not comfortable with silence or pauses in the conversation. • Aiar may leave out pronouns and speak in a monotonous tone. When a truthful
statement is made the pronoun is emphasized as much or more than the rest of the words
in a statement.
• Words may be garbled and spoken softly, and syntax and grammar may be off. In other
words, his sentences will likely be muddled rather than emphasized.
Other signs of a lie:
• If you believe someone is lying, then change subject of a conversation quickly, a liar
follows along willingly and becomes more relaxed. The guilty wants the subject changed;
an innocent person may be confused by the sudden change in topics and will want to back
to the previous subject.
• Using humor or sarcasm to avoid a subject.
Final Notes:
Obviously, just because someone exhibits one or more of these signs does not make
them a liar. The above behaviors should be compared to a persons base (normal)
behavior whenever possible.
Most lie detecting experts agree that a combination of body language and other cues must
be used to make an educated guess on whether someone is telling the truth or a lie.
相关词汇:
Fraud 欺骗
Scam 诡计
Deception 欺骗,诡计
Ignorance 无知
Bliss 天赐的福
Stiff 拘谨的,呆板的
Gesture 姿势,手势
Contradiction 反驳,矛盾
verbal statement 口头陈述
guilty 有罪的,心虚的
Passage two
文章新旧
旧题(2007年7月7)
文章标题
An ancient city(一个古城)
文章题型
Matching +Summary+单项选择一道
文章内容
科学家对一个古城遗址用现代化的手段和技术进行考古研究。
Passage three
文章新旧
旧题(2010年7月17)
文章标题
Sunset of oil
文章题型
T/F/NG + Summary + +Matching
文章内容
文章主要讲石油的用尽和替代,里面有很多科学家的观点,石油将来会不会用尽  
本次考题总体分析及未来走向:
1.    配对题,填空题在这月考试中是主流题型;
2.    最近两场考试阅读都有一定难度,很多同学对于话题比较陌生。
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